At present, China's daily hardware industry has entered the forefront of the world. Has established a zipper, electric shaving device, stainless steel utensils, wok, blade, bicycle lock and other 14 technology development center, pressure cooker, electric shaver, lighter and other 16 product centers. These centers are now the vast majority of the development of the industry vanguard, and some have become the world's vanguard, and achieved good economic returns. It is understood that China's hardware industry is now at least 70% for private enterprises, the main force for the development of China's hardware industry. China has gradually become the world's metal processing power and export power, and has become one of the world's largest hardware production, has a broad market and consumer potential.
Development and Trend of Hardware Market
Hand tool market: gradually intelligent, humane
International hardware market, Europe and the United States developed countries due to the rapid development of production technology and labor prices, the general product to the production of developing countries, only the production of high value-added products, and China has a strong market potential, so more favorable Development of hardware processing export power.
China's hand tools market is mainly distributed in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Guangdong, Shandong and Taiwan and other places, including Zhejiang and Guangdong, the most prominent. Zhejiang Yongkang has always been known as the "handmade tool town", and Zhejiang people's market sense of operation is quite strong, from the original hot pot products, stainless steel insulation Cup to last year's swept the scooter, to bring them rolling resources. Guangdong is also about to become the world's hardware tools die center. At present, around the Shenzhen and the Pearl River Delta region gathered more than 6,000 mold enterprises, employing more than 20 million people. Has been held in Shenzhen in five times the South China International Mold Exhibition, attracting 25 countries and regions, more than 1,000 enterprises to participate in China's most professional and international level of the mold industry exhibition.
DIY products become hardware-related industry market new darling. In recent years, in Europe and the United States with the developed countries of the architectural hardware products designed to easy installation and maintenance-based, self-assembly products and tools greatly welcomed by the market. According to the analysis, the next two years, the domestic architectural hardware products will also be intelligent, humane development path.
Taiwan hand tool industry to adjust the product structure. Taiwan hand tool industry with product quality and stability, delivery on time, complete product range, with the customer needs, in the world has certain advantages. And Taiwan hand tools sold to the island-based market, the current local manufacturers about 5,000, mostly in the central area of Taiwan Island, mainly to small and medium enterprises. According to the survey data show that the individual hand tools to view the product category, the sleeve for the bulk of exports, followed by hand tools, the third for gardening tools, wrench class ranked fourth, clamp class ranked fifth.
Tool market: the market competitiveness continues to increase
It is reported that the world tool market demand continues to grow. Among them, Europe and North America grew steadily, especially in Eastern Europe. The Asian market rebounded slightly, with great market potential and significant growth in Latin American markets, especially in Mexico. At present, the world's cutting tool sales of more than 10 billion US dollars, industrial development in Europe, North America, Japan and Australia three major market share of 75% to 80%.
In Asia, China is also an important market. It is predicted that China's tool demand between 70 to 80 billion yuan, of which high-precision, high efficiency, high reliability of modern cutting tools, such as cemented carbide and ceramics and other super-hard tool material can be transferred to the tool consumption of about 12 Billion yuan, of which 80% to 85% dependent on imports, mold manufacturing tool imports accounted for more than 90%. In the past year, the demand for tool market is growing slowly, mainly because of increased tool life, and then the user for the entire manufacturing process requirements, replacing a lot of machine tools and tools. As well as the application of multi-function tool increases, replacing a lot of simple single-function tool. In the future, the user will be more focused on the research and development of the tool in the production plant, not only in the field of materials and surface coating technology, but also in the tool products and their production process focus on production practice, to help tool manufacturers increase in their familiar areas In the market competitiveness.
From the tool product technology, Japan's DIJET, BIG, OSG, Sumitomo Electric, Hitachi, Japan, the newly developed high-speed high-hardness tool can be processed to HRC70 hardness, Toshiba Tyco's high-quality products TAC fast cutter series carbide cutting tools Gradually replace high-speed steel cutting tools, especially circular knives. The United States Kenner knives, Sweden SANDVIK, high-cutting tools SECO company, SPINNER companies such as coating the application of more and more common tool. China's tool and measuring instrument of the well-known enterprises Zhuzhou diamond tools, Guilin Guanglu digital monitoring and control companies, also provides a newly developed products, to participate in international competition. High-speed processing with new tool market share continues to grow.
Tool manufacturers from the cooperation point of view, in the field of high-tech market will appear a lot of big companies strong combination.
Development and Prospect of Mold Market
In recent years, the labor costs of industrialized countries have increased, and their exports to developing countries, especially Southeast Asian countries, have been dominated by imports, mainly by producing high and fine molds and large quantities of artificial labor.
"Eleventh Five-Year" period, the overall trend of China's mold market steady upward. At present, the domestic market for high-end home appliances, automobiles, plastic products, a great demand for mold, but the domestic mold must be in the quality, delivery and other aspects to meet the needs of users. China's accession to the WTO, along with the wave of world economic integration, the global manufacturing industry to accelerate the transfer to the Chinese mainland is the trend, China will gradually develop into a world-class manufacturing base. Middle and low mold international market potential is very large, as long as the quality of domestic mold can be improved, delivery time to ensure that the prospects for mold exports is very optimistic. The obvious advantages of Guangdong, especially the Pearl River Delta region, will be developed within ten years into the world mold production center. At the same time, in recent years, China's annual imports of nearly $ 1 billion die, of which precision, large, complex, long-life mold accounted for the majority, so from the perspective of reducing imports, such high-grade mold in the market share will gradually increase The Modern molds of its high-tech, talent-intensive, high-tech background of the characteristics of process-intensive industries, is in the new road to industrialization in the front of the industry, mold as an important manufacturing equipment industry for all walks of life at the same time, Directly for the high-tech industry services, molds in the manufacturing product development, innovation and production has a unique important position, making the mold manufacturing capacity and level of the level of national innovation has become an important symbol.
In 2010, the economy gradually stabilized, mold as a manufacturing industry to change the growth mode, the key support of industrial restructuring, undoubtedly has a pivotal position, communication manufacturing upstream and downstream industries, and jointly promote the development of mold manufacturing industry has become an important task of Shenzhen Die Technology Society.
Mold industry to support the upgrading of the automotive industry products
It is reported that in 2009 China's passenger car to change the type of 221 (of which 175 cars), more than 114 in 2008. Independent models of 120 models, and as a full range of midfielder Passat die value of more than 250 million yuan, large plastic mold worth about 35 million to 40 million; from the car's heart generator cylinder die to the automotive white body stamping parts, from the accelerated China's energy-saving environmentally friendly vehicle R & D process (such as automotive engine plastic intake manifold foreign accounted for 80%, the realization of injection mold), to the new material super steel plate hot forming die, need to drive the core components of the automotive industry Localization, high-grade car cover mold, automotive lightweight new material forming mold and multi-station progressive die are to promote the development of independent brand car protection, mold equipment is an important part of automotive equipment.
Household appliances industry: home appliances parts to rely on sheet metal stamping, plastic, foam, adsorption and other molds, a refrigerator need 150 to 200 to pay the mold, an air conditioner needs 50 or so of the mold, a washing machine needs about 60 pay Mold, there are a large number of small appliances ... ... Haier company a year to buy 6000 or so die, the amount of more than 5 billion December 2009, the Ministry of Industry issued a "speed up the upgrading of China's household electrical appliance industry guidance", for product upgrades, upgrading the important task of technology to speed up the transformation and upgrading of China's home appliances. (Such as low noise, energy saving, multi-room, etc.) mold manufacturing level is also the level of home appliance manufacturing process to improve the performance.
According to statistics, in 2009 China's plastics industry 600 billion in sales, driven by 1: 100, got 6 million mold support.
Aeronautical equipment technology and mold making
Sheet metal equipment: as an important basis for aviation manufacturing technology, aviation sheet metal equipment technology mold to provide the main equipment for its molding in the superplastic forming equipment, thermoforming equipment, spinning forming equipment, bending forming equipment, etc., large board A three-dimensional surface of a product forming molds often need dozens or even hundreds of sets of sheet metal from the surface of the mold; in the multi-point forming, the mold manufacturing will be discrete into a series of regular rules arranged, highly adjustable base to envelop Surface finish, and then multi-point forming technology development of multi-point forming machine and so on.
Aircraft interior parts mold technology research and development and industrialization: supporting the development of China's commercial aircraft to provide products, mold manufacturing technology, the choice of strength, fire, smoke, thermal engineering plastics, combined with aviation technology standards and Aircraft interior parts of the material selection, product structure analysis and design, mold design and manufacturing and final product assembly of the entire technology research and development to achieve the aircraft interior parts complete sets of industrial applications. In the aircraft interior parts, the use of plastic to improve the aircraft to help reduce the weight, saving fuel, reduce costs. According to incomplete statistics, aircraft interior parts in the mold about 200 sets, the output value of a billion, driving the output value of about 30 billion yuan.
Electronic special equipment and new industries supporting areas
"Equipment manufacturing industry restructuring and revitalization plan", in the "grasp the nine key industrial projects, the implementation of equipment autonomy," the content, the first eight "electronic information industry" will be electronic equipment and molds and other focus , To promote the autonomy of information technology equipment.
Large scale, very large scale integrated circuit with lead frame precision multi-station progressive die, integrated circuit precision packaging mold, electronic components and precision connectors with precision molds, chip precision stamping die, automotive electronic mold as the frontier, computer peripheral Mold, multimedia digital products die, photoelectric communication products mold, network products, molds, watches and clocks, and so die with the development of IT and information technology will be growing demand. China is already the main producer of OA equipment and consumables (photocopiers, fax machines, printers, etc.), more than 60% of copying equipment, more than 40% of the image printing equipment manufactured in China, while the world's major OA equipment manufacturers in China Parts also makes OA equipment plastic mold development rapidly.
Medical equipment, according to the calculation of 10,000 kinds of products, 34 categories, 4000 enterprises. Such as health care equipment, polymer plastic products is also part of it. Almost all of the parts involved in molds, large to high pressure oxygen chamber, small to hearing aids, heart pacemakers ... polymer composite materials, bio-life engineering, medical equipment parts and components supporting the production of precision, ultra-precision molds will be manufactured in medical equipment Has a pivotal position.
2009, 40 million investment in the country, the direct investment in rail transportation is 7,000 million, while the EMU core components of ultra-high speed (300 km / hour) precision bearing mold core technology, 200 to 350 km per hour high-speed EMU, large Power AC drive power / diesel locomotive, load 100 tons of rail heavy truck and urban rail transit vehicle bearings, gear transmission, high-speed EMU gearbox precision casting mold; heavy-duty 25T axle heavy forging die, cold pier mold Will be supporting services for emerging industries.